Recycable packaging

Repac² | Functional & recyclable coated paper packaging for food products

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Project deliverables

Guide to the use of recyclable coated paper for food packaging


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Database for selection of coated paper and coatings for food packaging


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Paper and cardboard are ideal packaging materials through the renewable origin of cellulose fibres, their high specific rigidity and light weight. To increase the quality and shelf life of packaged foods, the performance of paper needs to be adjusted through barrier coatings offering protection against water, gas permeability or aroma preservation. What about the suitability for recycling of these coated materials? Can they be reused in paper production? The Cornet-Tetra project Repac² ('Functional & recyclable coated paper packaging for food products') aims to evaluate functionality and recyclability of paper for food packaging.


Nowadays, packaging plays a crucial role in the food supply by protecting quality, ensuring safety and extending the shelf life of food products. In addition to these functions, the ecological impact must be considered when choosing packaging materials.

Every day, the food packaging industry is faced with the choice of the most appropriate material for the packaging of specific food products. In addition, the food and packaging industry is challenged to prove the recyclability of their packaging materials. Indeed, ambitious targets are set at European level. European legislation dictates that 65% of all packaging waste needs to be recycled by 2025 and even 70% by 2030 (according to EU Directive 2018/852).

In order to be suitable for use as food packaging, paper and cardboard materials are covered with one or more coatings that provide good sealing and gases and/or moisture barrier properties. Nowadays, many coated paper and cardboard materials are marketed for food packaging applications. Traditionally, laminated plastic films are applied to the paper, but in recent years, alternative coatings have been developed, based on aqueous polymer dispersions. However, it is not always clear whether these coating materials meet the desired properties and whether they are suitable for the intended purpose. It is generally assumed that a coating should not exceed 5% of the packaging as to ensure the suitability for recycling. In line with European recommendations, new procedures have been developed to assess the recyclability of coated paper and cardboard packaging materials, but these have yet to be implemented into a universal method for existing and new products.


The Cornet project REPAC² brings together European research partners, including UHasselt, Sirris, Fraunhofer-IVV, Pack4Food, Flanders' FOOD, Natureef and West Pomeranian University of Technology. In addition, the guidance group includes over 30 organisations from various sectors, including material suppliers, packaging producers and food retailers. The project aims to provide support to industrial partners for the accelerated implementation of coated paper and cardboard materials that have good barrier properties in contact with food and are also recyclable in accordance with current legislation. The knowledge gained during the project will help companies to select these materials and accelerate the possible implementation of coated recyclable materials within the food industry.

Detailbeeld via SEM (scanning elektronenmicroscopie) van een papierstructuur
Detail image via SEM (scanning electron microscopy) of a paper structure


The agenda will start with market research on commercially available coated paper and cardboard for food packaging. A method will be developed to determine the suitability for recycling of coated paper and cardboard, which will be used to assess commercial packaging materials. In addition, a matchmaking event will be organised between food companies and the coated paper and cardboard packaging industry. This should result in generic case studies for further research. For these case studies, a shelf life simulation tool will be used at first, followed by common shelf life studies. Finally, in-company validation studies will be set up.

Industrial advisory board REPAC2

Sirris will draw up an online inventory of existing materials, including coatings as well as coated materials which are commercially available today. 

Your input here is valuable! By means of a questionnaire we would like to get a broad overview of coated paper-based packaging and coatings for paper/cardboard food packaging applications that are currently commercially available or new developments that are expected to come to market within 1 to 2 years. Participation contributes to higher product awareness on an international level. The products enter an online inventory that is accessible to everyone. In addition, you will also have access to international matchmaking with potential end-users. The questionnaire can be found here!

Target group

The project target group includes the food industry, coated paper and cardboard packaging producers and transformers as well as recycling companies. In order to increase the industrial relevance of this project, a strong interaction with this target group is required.





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Jan 2022 - Dec 2023

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Project deliverables

Guide to the use of recyclable coated paper for food packaging

This whitepaper aims to address challenges in the food packaging industry, emphasizing recyclability and functionality of coated paper and cardboard. Focussing on meeting ambitious European recycling targets, the document provides insights on technical functionality, sustainability and industrial implementation, and it gives answers to industry-specific questions.

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Database for selection of coated paper and coatings for food packaging

This database allows companies in the food industry to select coated paper packaging or coatings that meet their requirements regarding barrier properties, recyclability, sealing and implementability in their packaging lines. Developers and suppliers of coated papers or coatings for food packaging can have their materials included in the database upon request.                                              

Go to the database